INBERG

Mycotoxins

Mycotoxins are omnipresent threat to both human and animal health. They cause many health problems to both humans and livestock which range from acute poisoning to long-term effects such as immune deficiency and cancer.

Almost 25% of the world’s crop each year, according to Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) is affected by mycotoxins resulting in huge financial losses.

These toxic chemical products are produced by moulds on a variety of different crops. Although more than 300 mycotoxins have been identified, the most commonly observed are:

Aflatoxins – amongst the most poisonous mycotoxins are produced by mouldsAspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus.

Zearalenone (ZEN)T2 and fumonisins – produced by Fusarium, fungi common to the soil.

Ochratoxin A (OTA) – produced by A.ohraceus, these toxins block protein synthesis.

Ergot Alkaloids – compounds produced as a toxic mixture of alkaloids in the sclerotia of species of Claviceps fungi.

WHAT DAMAGE CAN MYCOTOXINS CAUSE TO ANIMALS? 


Decreased feed intake

Weakened immune system

Higher mortality rate

Presence of mycotoxins in milk, meat and eggs

All above mentioned results in higher production costs