Mycotoxins are omnipresent threat to both human and animal health. They cause many health problems to both humans and livestock which range from acute poisoning to long-term effects such as immune deficiency and cancer.
Almost 25% of the world’s crop each year, according to Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) is affected by mycotoxins resulting in huge financial losses.
These toxic chemical products are produced by moulds on a variety of different crops. Although more than 300 mycotoxins have been identified, the most commonly observed are:
Aflatoxins – amongst the most poisonous mycotoxins are produced by mouldsAspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus.
Zearalenone (ZEN), T2 and fumonisins – produced by Fusarium, fungi common to the soil.
Ochratoxin A (OTA) – produced by A.ohraceus, these toxins block protein synthesis.
Weakened immune system
Higher mortality rate
Presence of mycotoxins in milk, meat and eggs
All above mentioned results in higher production costs